CourtyardRow houseSlab, point-access
Klein Driene
Bakema, J.B., J. H. van den Broek, F. J. van Gool, J. M. Stokla | Henglo, Netherlands | 1950-58
Image of Klein Drie...
View along street showing the 2 and 4-story building types

ProjectKlein Driene
ArchitectBakema, J.B., J. H. van den Broek, F. J. van Gool, J. M. Stokla
Building TypeCourtyard
Row house
Slab, point-access
Number of Dwellingsc.1000
Date Built1950-58
Dwelling Types2 & 4 BR Row houses, 2, 3 & 4 BR flats
No. Floors2 - 4
Section Typeflats and maisonettes, gallery access on top floor
Exterior Finish
brick, concrete, wood windows
Construction Typemasonry, R-C frame
Ancillary Services

This project is the built version of the housing ideas that the Dutch group of C.I. A.M. proposed in 1949.The nucleus concept is evident here with the use of six identical groups of buildings many be seen as the prototype for later projects by this firm such as the Kennemerland community of 1960 where the cluster idea becomes the basis for the design of a new town. One about 1000 dwellings are provided here in 2, 3 & 4-story buildings. Three and four-story point-access slabs are aligned northeast and southwest and 2-story row houses with gardens, occupy the perimeter of each block defining an interior court for use by the occupants. The six clusters are arranged on each side of a wide street. Originally, 2 six-story slabs were to have been built at each end but now the limits of the site are marked by two smaller groups of row houses. Simple, economical construction is used: brick bearing walls, for the row houses and reinforce concrete frame for the slabs with brick or glass infill spandrels, concrete lintels, cantilevered balconies and ample windows. The garden side of the row houses provides space for individual owners to add additional structures, an inherent possibility with the row house type and a theme that Bakema was to apply in later projects. While Klein Driene may be the rather stereotyped application of C.I.A.M. notions about housing it is an important example of the application of a modern building vocabulary applied to the problem of public housing. The density is fairly high, there is a variety of building types, and they share a common architectural language.

Carini, A., M. Ciammitti, R. Farina, Andrea Guidotti, Francesca Isola,Giuseppe Lombardini, Egidio Lomi, Alberto Manfredini, Amos Massč, Giorgio Trebbi, Housing in Europa 1900-1960, Edizioni Luigi Parma,Bologna, 1978, pp. 244-249.

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